Besides testing your blood sugar, your doctor may want you to get other tests regularly because diabetes can affect many parts of the body over time. Here are some tests he or she may want you to have:
- Microalbuminuria test. At least once a year, your doctor will test for protein in your urine. A positive test may mean that your kidneys have been damaged by diabetes or high blood pressure. Fever and exercise can raise the protein in your urine short-term, so your doctor may want to repeat this test. He or she may prescribe certain high blood pressure medicine(s).
- Cholesterol. Have your cholesterol and triglycerides levels checked at least once a year. You want your LDL cholesterol to be less than 100 mg/dL (lower, if you have had a heart attack and have diabetes). You want your HDL cholesterol to be over 40 mg/dL for men and over 50 mg/dL for women. Triglyceride buy cheap lexapro no prescription levels should be less than 150 mg/dL. If you can’t control your cholesterol with diet and exercise, your doctor may prescribe medicine.
- Blood pressure. Your blood pressure should be tested every time you visit your doctor. People with diabetes should try to keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mm Hg. High blood pressure can cause heart disease, eye disease, stroke, and kidney damage. Again, your doctor may prescribe medicine if your blood pressure doesn’t come down with diet and exercise.
- Feet. You should check your feet every day for calluses, bunions, sores, or discolored skin. These can lead to infections or ulcers, and, in people with severe nerve damage, they can lead to amputations. Your doctor should do a complete foot exam at least once a year.
- Eyes and teeth. Get an eye exam at least once a year. Ask a dentist to check your teeth and gums every six months.